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Analyzing CBD Extract Health Benefits
Canada is the second country in the world to legalize recreational marijuana and the cannabis industry is projected to generate up to $7.17 billion in total sales in 20191.
Approximately two-thirds of Canadian cannabis users surveyed say that they use the cannabis plant to relax, sleep or diminish stress. However, many consumers would like the medicinal effects of cannabis without the high, so they often turn to CBD supplements which delivers many of the same benefits as marijuana without the intoxicating effects.
There is a wide variety of products available: CBD powders, CBD pills, CBD syrup, CBD tinctures, CBD vape and many others. This article describes the types and uses of CBD.
What Is CBD Extract?
Cannabis contains two primary active compounds. Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, which is the psychoactive chemical that alters your consciousness. Cannabidiol, or CBD, has a similar molecular structure as THC, however, it doesn’t bind to the same receptors in the brain and won’t make you high. In fact, when cannabis CBD and THC are consumed together, CBD may actually diminish the side effects of THC intoxication.
Both CBD and THC mimic endocannabinoids, chemicals that are naturally produced in the body and influence the endocannabinoid system.2 This system regulates signals that affect mood, immunity, metabolism and pain. Using THC to manage medical conditions has come under scrutiny because the drug has potential for abuse. CBD extract, on the other hand, doesn’t alter moods and it a more socially acceptable alternative.
After it is isolated, CBD is usually diluted with a carrier oil to form an extract, concentrate, tincture or e-juice. CBD can also be made into edibles, pills, beverages and other products. Each preparation has distinct uses, and the form of administration can alter its effects.
Canadian CBD may be extracted from marijuana or hemp plants. THC can be added to CBD supplements to enhance their therapeutic benefits and also produce a high. When you buy Canadian CBD, check the label and product description to determine whether they contain THC. The label should also tell you how much of each cannabinoid is in the product.
What Are CBD Extracts Used For?
A growing number of studies have been conducted to determine the therapeutic effects of CBD can be used therapeutically. Clinical studies are necessary before CBD will be approved as a product that can treat cure or prevent disease. Below are some of its benefits.
CBD extracts for Neurological Disorders
Many people know that researchers have been conducting clinical trials using medical marijuana for its ability to treat seizures and epilepsy. However, some critics oppose using THC in treatment, especially for children. CBD oil has been shown to reduce the number of seizures in young people with treatment-resistant epilepsy.3 CBD has demonstrated neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties in vitro, and may protect brain cells from damage.4
CBD for Pain
Sativex, an oromucosal spray that contains THC and CBD, is approved in Canada for pain related to multiple sclerosis and cancer. The medication has also been studied for its use in treating nerve pain and rheumatoid arthritis.5
What about CBD products that don’t contain THC?
A 2017 study reported in Frontiers in Pharmacology, researchers found that low doses of CBD had similar effects as morphine for treating postoperative pain.6 It may not produce direct analgesic effects, however. CBD may work to relieve pain by reducing inflammation and treating the anxiety and other emotions that can escalate the sensation of pain and make it more distressing.
A research team at McGill University came up with similar results while studying the way that CBD interacts with certain receptors. The scientists demonstrated that CBD works on serotonin and pain receptors, and regular, low-dose administration may work well for relieving pain.7
CBD for Mental Health
CBD has antianxiety, antidepressant and antipsychotic potential. Many studies have shown that CBD can improve symptoms of PTSD, soothe panic attacks, reduce behaviors associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder and moderate social anxiety. It is now clear that CBD has therapeutic potential over a wide range of non-psychiatric and psychiatric disorders.8
Furthermore, these studies found that CBD has few to no side effects. Considering how many medications for psychological diseases produce adverse effects, CBD use may be preferable.
CBD for Cancer
CBD has been used for cancer pain. In one study, people who took a combination of CBD and THC experienced more pain relief than those who took THC alone.9 CBD also reduces nausea, which is a common side effect of chemotherapy.10 CBD may even kill tumors, as demonstrated in a study revealing CBD-induced cell death of breast cancer cells in vitro.11
CBD for Skin Conditions
Using CBD extract topically may help with acne and other inflammatory skin conditions because CBD behaves as a highly effective sebostatic agent, meaning, it reduces sebum or skin oils.12 The research also suggests that CBD can also improve dry skin.13
What Is an Effective CBD Dosage?
Researchers have demonstrated that CBD has therapeutic effects in a wide range of doses. Many studies show that moderate doses may be more effective than high doses.
For example, taking more than 20 milligrams per kilogram for anxiety may not give you added benefits. On the other hand, research suggests that CBD only relieves depression when at least 20 milligrams per kilogram are used.14
It is generally recommended that you start with low doses of CBD and move to high doses if necessary. The amount that works for someone else may not have the same effects on you. Your own physiology constantly changes, leading to a fluctuation in the effective dosage.
How to Use CBD extracts
Cannabidiol is most commonly available as an oil, tincture or CBD concentrate. An oil that is derived from hemp seeds may not contain CBD. Look for the CBD concentration on the label.
CBD drops are often designed to be taken by mouth. Ingesting CBD pills slows absorption. The CBD must make it through your digestive system before it can be absorbed. This method of taking CBD extracts lasts the longest, though.
A faster way to take CBD products is to place them under your tongue. Taking CBD drops, CBD powder, CBD tincture or CBD syrup sublingually helps the compound get into your bloodstream more rapidly.
Inhaling CBD vape juice may be the fastest way to feel the effects. You can’t smoke every high CBD oil, though. CBD oil that’s not designed for vaping can be harmful when heated and inhaled. The best kinds of CBD oil to inhale may be labeled as:
- CBD vape
- CBD vape oil
- CBD vape juice
- CBD ejuice
- CBD e liquid
Some CBD ejuice and CBD e liquids come in a pre-filled cartridge, which can be screwed onto a pen-style battery and provides a quick hit. You can also buy CBD vape oil additives to blend with other e liquids.
Please note this researched information is for your edification only. It is not intended to serve as a diagnose or treatment of any diseases. More clinical trials are needed to approve CBD as a product that can treat, cure, or prevent medical conditions.
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